Ovulation is a part of menstrual cycle experienced by woman. Ovulation is a process in which a mature ovarian follicle releases an egg. Then the egg travel through the fallopian tube to meet sperm and then fertilization will take place.

The Phases of Ovulation

  1. Follicular Phase: The day when you start to experience menstrual cycle to the day of the ovulation, the phase is known as the follicular phase. In this phase a sheet of cells surrounding the ovum start to get thick and expand. The lining of the uterus start to coagulate.

  2. Ovulation Phase: This is the time of fertility. It last for about 8-24 hours. In this phase enzymes are secreted and they from a hole that is used by the cells of the ovum to exit the follicle and enter in fallopian tube.

  3. Luteal Phase: Then from the beginning of ovulation until end of the periods that phase is known as the luteal phase. This phase normally last for 12-16 days. A hormone named as luteinizing hormone is secreted. A fertilized egg will be implanted in the womb. The sheet of cells that started to surround the uterus now wears off and it is released during the menstrual cycle.

When Does Ovulation Takes Place

For a woman who experiences regular menstrual cycle, she should know that the ovaries are producing egg exactly 14 days after the last menstrual cycle. But this method of calculating the fertility cannot be used if a woman does not ovulate on time due to hormonal imbalance. So, the ovulations of these women do not occur on same dates, therefore they should try and look for the symptoms of ovulation.

Symptoms of Ovulation

Symptoms of ovulation are not difficult to detect. Some of the symptoms inform you that ovulation has taken place while some inform you that ovulation is going to take place. Some of the symptoms of ovulation are:

Mittelschmerz

It is a German word. It is a combination of two words that is mittel which means mid and schmerz which means pain. It is commonly called ovulation pain. In this case the women feel cramps and achiness in the lower abdominal region during the time of ovulation. This pain may last for few hours or continue for few days at a stretch. The pain is witnessed in the right side of the abdominal region.One out of five women feels ovulation pain during the ovulation phase.

Sudden Change in Basal Body Temperature

To determine the change in the basal body temperature, you have to do charting of your body temperature daily. When a person has to ovulate, the basal body temperature will get low. To measure the basal body temperature a person need a basal thermometer. The normal thermometer does not work to check the basal body temperature.

The temperature will rise when the process of ovulation will be over because a hormone called progesterone is released during ovulation. The hormone helps in increasing the body temperature.

  1. It is a very convenient and a simple method to check when the ovulation is over

  2. It always gives accurate results

Cervical Mucus

The cervix is the lower part of the uterus where it merges with the vagina. Cervical mucus is produced at the cervix of the women. While women are witnessing initial stages of menstrual cycle, the amount of cervical mucus is less. As the cycle will continue the mucous become sticky, then creamy, then watery appearing like an egg white. This helps the sperm to move easily to the egg. This is known to be the most accurate symptom to predict ovulation.

Cervix Position and Moisture

Keeping a track of the cervix is the most useful way to learn about the ovulation process. The ovulation process can be detected by the change in the moisture level and the position of the cervix. The position of the cervix changes very frequently, so a person must have a good knowledge about the position of the cervix. If you are not fertile then the cervix will be hard, low and dry else your cervix will be soft, high and wet.

The Tenderness of the Breast

One more symptom of ovulation is the tenderness of the breast that may take place before or after the ovulation, because of the hormones moving in the body. The breast and the nipples get sensitive.

Pay attention to all these symptoms to be aware of the process of ovulation. Be aware!!

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