Menstruation is a part of menstrual cycle. Menstruation is a process by which a woman gets ready for the probability of pregnancy every month. The menstrual cycle ranges from 21-35 days. The average rate of menstrual cycle is 28 days. The menstruation begins form the first day of period.

How Does Menstrual Cycle Works

The pituitary glands of the brain, uterus, cervix, fallopian tube, vagina and the ovaries are responsible to cause menstrual cycle.

The ovaries generate two essential hormones:

  1. Progesterone

  2. Estrogen

The pituitary gland generates two hormones:

  1. Follicle stimulating hormone

  2. Luteinizing hormone

Girls begin menstruating at a very young age. The age can vary; it can be 13 or lower. Then the process of menstruation continues every month till the age of 50. After this age menopause occurs. The menstrual cycle differs depending upon woman to woman. Some woman may experience short menstrual cycle while some may experience big menstrual cycle.

Exactly menstrual cycle is of 28 days. The young girls may have menstrual cycle of 45 days, but when they reach age of 20-30 the menstrual cycle become more regular. Then the menstrual cycle last for 35 days. At the age of 40-50 the women have regular menstrual cycle and after this age menopause will take place.

Phases of Menstrual Cycle

  1. Menstruation: On the first day of menstruation lot of menstrual bleeding takes place. Bleeding takes place because the egg was not fertilized in the prior menstrual cycle. During the days of menstruation the girls suffer from lot of pain in the stomach, legs and back. The menstruation phase last for 3-5 days. In menstruation the ling of the uterus wears out in order to get ready for the nest menstrual cycle.

  2. Follicular Phase: In the follicular phase, the pituitary gland will generate its one of the hormone named follicle stimulating hormone. This hormone will generate lot of follicles. Each of the follicles has one egg. Every follicle will not mature. Only one of the follicles will mature to release an egg while other follicle will die. These hormones also prepare the uterus to go in a state of pregnancy. This phase occur during the 10 day of the menstrual cycle.

  3. Ovulation Phase: The average day of the menstrual cycle is observed as the ovulation phase. The pituitary gland in this phase will generate luteinizing hormone. Therefore, the ovulation will start. The egg passes through the fallopian tube in order to meet the sperm. Then the process of fertilization will take place.

  4. Luteal Phase: When the fertilization of egg is over, corpus luteum will release the egg. The corpus luteum will die if pregnancy will not take place. The hormone produced by the follicle helps the uterine line to remain thick. The menstrual cycle is repeated.

Problems of Menstrual Cycle

Amenorrhoea: There are two types of Amenorrhoea:

  1. It is a problem in which a girl does not have periods even when she is 16 years of age.

  2. This problem may also occur if a women stops having period consecutively for three months while she is not pregnant.

Causes of Amenorrhoea

  1. Excess of stress, weight and physical activity

  2. Pituitary tumor

  3. Menopause at early stage due to failure of ovarian

  4. Hymen is too firm. The blood is not able to cross the hymen.

Oligomenorrhea: It is a problem in which the women have irregular periods. This problem is common during the first 2 years of periods, short time after the pregnancy and before the menopause is about to take place.

Cause of Oligomenorrhea

  1. Sudden gain or loss in body weight

  2. Use of contraceptive

  3. Stress

  4. Miscarriage or pregnancy

Menorrhagia: It is a problem in which a women lot of quantity of blood in one menstruation. Such heavy bleeding is very dangerous and cause problem such as anemia, asthma, fatigue and tiredness.

Dysmenorrhea: It is a problem in which, during the time of periods the women suffer from lot of body pain and cramps. The cure to this problem is by taking bath with hot water, taking appropriate medicine to deal with the pain.

Endometriosis: It is a problem in which the tissue that should grow inside the uterus of women , grow outside the uterus. It causes lot of pain during the initial days of menstruation. This problem is the reason for the infertility in women. Women who have this problem suffer from lot of amount of bleeding.

Uterine Fibroids: some of the women suffering from this problem cannot get pregnant. There is no treatment to this problem. The women suffer from heavy bleeding.

Try to avoid all these problem of menstrual cycle by taking appropriate measures!!


0 #1 exercise for 2014-05-13 17:54
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